Our Permaculture Design 维克农庄的朴門设计方案
03.01 Existing “problems”
- Coral trees (all cut now but stumps are still alive)
- Privet (good for stakes, toxic to goats)
- Lantana (soil builder, wildlife habitat)
- Morning glory.
- Wandering jew (good chicken food)
03.02 Legal constraints
The property is not officially prone to landslide, although some neighbouring properties on the Southern side of the hill are.
As most acreage properties on the hills, this one is prone to bushfire.
04. Personal objectives
- Self-reliance for vegies, fruits, poultry
- Trade excess food at FIG, LETS…
- No large animals (except goats, sheeps)
- Keep visible areas tidy and aesthetically pleasing
- Aquaculture system around the dam
- Potential home business: Bed & Breakfast, natural therapy practice, niche food market…
- New 3-space garage for extra-storage
05. Major desired elements
- Kitchen garden
- Chicken coops
- Food forest
- Aquaculture in and around the dam
- More storage area
- Bee hives
- Outdoor living area(s)
- Outdoor cooking area(s)
- Walking tracks
- Open shed
- Goat shelter
- Chicken coops
The old house is connected to town water.
The water meter is as the bottom of the driveway, under the juniper. There’s a tap between the driveway and the “no-man’s land”.
The new house is supplied exclusively by tank water.
The roof feeds the 2 concrete water tanks.
Water is pumped back to the house with an electric water pump. This means that during a power blackout, there’s no running water in the house.
Kitchen garden on terraces behind the house (South) for intensive annual veggies
Perennial veggies in the garden beds, West of the house
Perennial veggies and citrus in garden bed, North of the house
Improve the existing “orchard” to create a food forest on swales
Build a new chicken coop for layers, between the Zone I and Zone II, for pest control and easier egg collection.
Rotate goats on a monthly basis between West paddock, North paddock and Horse paddock
Rotate the chicken tractor after the goats rotated
Swale in North paddock overflowing into the dam
Shelterbelt to protect from winds and fire danger from W-NW
Native tree forest for firewood, timber … And maybe nut trees.
Mostly in SE area (very shaded and contaminated with rubbish)
Corridors around the property.
09.01 New water tank(s)
Water supply to the house
Instead of pumping collected rainwater back to the house, we’ll install a Header Tank on top of the hill and feed water back to the house by gravity. We may install a small pump to provide extra water pressure for showers.
We have 2 options:
Collect rainwater in the 2 existing concrete tanks
Build a new collection tank behind the house (possible additional use for retaining) or in the West paddock.
Split collection between new tank and old tanks or spread the load?
09.02 Kitchen garden
We will add 3 tiers of terraces to retain the hill, provide garden beds and a pleasant sitting area.
- The lowest terrace will be supported by the existing sealed brick wall.
- The new terraces will be supported by dry stone walls, 0.6m high (batter not drawn below)
- Ramp at the bottom, 1m wide
- Ramp at top near the new chicken coop and food forest, 1m wide
- Path : 0.9 cm wide to easily move a wheelbarrow around
09.03 Food Forest
The perimeter will be fenced off to keep wallabies, bandicoots, rabbits, goats, etc out, and to keep chickens in.
The 3 paths leading to the food forest will have a basic gate.
We will build a new chicken coop at the edge of the food forest and the kitchen garden. Sheltered behind the coop will be a plant propagation area.
New trees will be netted to keep birds out.
Irrigation polypipe will be connected to the Header tank and provide water in very dry weather.
Located between wattle and 2nd gum tree
No dig (poor shallow soil). The mound will be built with recycled green waste.
Spillway on the North West end, to overflow into the terrace
Trees: Mediterranean (dry tolerant) dwarf trees. E.g. Olive, Blueberry
Located between the macadamia (uphill) and the 11th fence post (West paddock).
Dining area with pergola behind the macadamia.
If possible, level all the way. If not, slightly raise the dining area.
Retained by a dry stone wall on the North West side.
Filled with recycled green waste.
Stairs along the West paddock fence
Path from the kitchen garden to the pergola
Path from the bottom of the hill, along the South end of the food forest.
Spillway into the Hugelkultur
Trees: Temperate dwarf trees
Stack logs and branches of (avoid allelopathic trees) on contour and over with recycled green waste
Located between the Ice cream bean next to the mango and the lychee.
Spillway on the South side into the bottom swale.
Trees: subtropical dwarf trees
Located near the blue gum tree (a few meters away) and the bird of paradise.
Dig by hand or with a 5-ton excavator
Spillway on the North side into the existing garden bed.
Trees: subtropical dwarf trees (wind resistant species on North side)
09.04 New garage
The gutters will fill either the existing concrete water tanks or a new water tank.
The driveway in front of this new garage will be level to allow easy parking of the trailer boat. The rest of the driveway does not need to be perfectly level.
The existing open shed will be knocked down and replaced with a 1:3 batter but the existing guava tree will be retained.
The retaining wall behind the water tanks and the existing garage will be reinforced to stop it moving further.
The existing garage may be renovated once the new garage is built.
We may install an off-the-grid solar panel system on one of the garages.
09.05 Other small structures
We’ve built a terrace under the big blue gum next to the orchard. One beehive will sit on the big stump and another one will sit next to it on the terrace.
We’ve built a 3.5×2.5m shed between the 2 blue gum trees, next to the orchard, to safely store firewood away from the house.
We’ll install gutters and harvest water in a 44-gallon drum.
09.06 Zone 0: the house
- Solar hot water system.
- Cladding on West wall: to reflect the hot afternoon sun and to protect in case of bushfire.
- Curtains on all windows
We will plant a dense strip of wind-resistant and fire-resistant plants on the edge of the North forest and the West paddock. Plants will be as much as possible native and/or edible.
Canopy (up to 30m): Silver wattle, Plum pine (Illawarra plum), Scrub beefwood
Understory (up to 15m): Mulberry, Lilly Pilly, Sweet pittosporum, Cheese tree, Gosford wattle
Shrubs: Breynia (Coffee bush), Sandpaper fig, native guava, banana
Herbs: native ginger, pigface, native wandering jew
10. Proposed design – Stage 2 (2014-)
Aquaculture in and around the dam
Aquatic edible plants
Swale between the shelterbelt and the dam
Low maintenance food forest
Fire resistant semi-dwarf fruit trees
Food forest in East paddock
Low maintenance food forest
Semi-dwarf fruit trees
Bush regeneration in Zone V